Ir al contenido principal

Homework 15, Real Analysis

Due date: November 17

Problem 1

For each $latex n\in\Z$, let $latex e_n(x) = e^{2\pi i nx}$. Then

$latex \displaystyle \int_0^1 e_n(x) \overline{e_m(x)} dx = \begin{cases} 1 & n=m\\ 0 & n\not=m. \end{cases}$

Problem 2

For $latex f\in C([0,1])$, the sequence $latex \widehat f(n) \to 0$ as $latex |n|\to\infty$.

Problem 3

Let $latex f\in C^1([0,1])$ with $latex f(0)=f(1)$.

  1. $latex \widehat{f'}(n) = 2\pi i n \widehat f(n)$

  2. The Fourier series of f converges uniformly to f.

Problem 4

Let $latex E\subset \R$ and $latex U_n$ the open set

$latex U_n = \{x\in\R: d(x,E)<1/n\}.$

  1. If E is compact, $latex |E| = \lim |U_n|$.

  2. However, the previous conclusion may be false if either E is closed and unbounded, or bounded and open.

Problem 5

Let E be the subset of $latex [0,1]$ of numbers which do not have the digit 4 in their decimal expansion. Find $latex |E|$.